Impact of the use of Celtic® ZETA on the incidence of abortion in the Comarca Lagunera region
The Comarca Lagunera region, a region located in the north of Mexico, is the dairy basin most important in the country and has a cattle population consisting in its overwhelming majority by cattle breed Holstein of medium and high production distributed in herds ranging from hundreds to thousands of cows in milking. However, high technology and modern production systems implemented in most dairy operations of the area have not been sufficient to ensure an effective control of major health problems that affect their production units.
One of these unresolved problems is the abortions, which in some stables arrive at an annual incidence of 10% and it is not rare to find operations where even exceeds this percentage.
This high incidence of abortions is mainly due to the fact that the problem of the interrupted pregnancies is not the result of a single cause or situation in particular, but that is a complex multifactorial that obeys the concurrence of many factors that include infectious etiologies, nutritional and management. That is why the Bhiper measures that can be taken to control the reproductive problems in dairy cattle have to be almost always specific for each holding, except in the case of outbreaks of epidemic diseases.
In spite of the fact that in the Comarca Lagunera region is attended with veterinary medical advisors and highly qualified nutritionists, the problem of abortion and reproductive failures persists in most of the stables. All this, however, that great progress has been made in the control of infectious diseases such as brucellosis, leptospirosis, bovine viral diarrhea, neosporosis and others, in addition to the control of nutritional deficiencies.
One of the main reasons that the problem of abortion has not been able to be properly checked in many dairy operations in the region is due to the high incidence of mycotoxicosis in the dairy herds.
Mycotoxins are poisons produced by molds (microscopic fungi) that have adverse effects on the health and productivity of livestock. When molds are reproduced in the food produces these substances frequently, particularly in marginal situations of survival of these microorganisms, as in crops exposed to drought or pests and in food stored in inadequate conditions that retain moisture and aerobic conditions that allow its multiplication.
There are more than 500 mycotoxins identified to date, however, not all of them are of relevance to the cattle, the most important being Aflatoxins, zearalenone, T-2 toxin, deoxynivalenol, and Fumonisin. Although all of them are characterized by cause common symptoms as immunosuppression, decreased appetite and low production of milk, also induce specific symptoms that deserve to be considered separately.
Aflatoxins are toxins that have attracted the most interest among researchers and producers of milk by the same because although poisonings clinically distinguishable are not frequent, their presence is severely supervised by the health authorities, since residues in foods have serious impact on human health and there is little or zero tolerance to its presence in the milk.
However, in recent years, zearalenone has been receiving increasing attention in dairy cattle because they have succeeded in identifying a number of disorders associated with its presence, in particular when it is in the fodder and silage.
In an investigation conducted during two years (2012 and 2013) by the technical staff of field of Celtic Holland Division Mexico S.A. de C.V. in two large stables the Comarca Lagunera region, it was found that the presence of all these mycotoxins (Aflatoxins, T-2 toxin, deoxynivalenol, zearalenone and fumonisin) in varying concentrations.
However, the presence of zearalenone exceeded with much to the other toxins investigated.
In the table shows the levels of zearalenone found in four food ingredients (corn silage, silage of Sorghum silage of alfalfa and oat silage). As can be seen, the 100% of the samples of silage maize and sorghum exceeded levels of 200 ppb (parts per billion), while in the silage of alfalfa and oats 36 and 33% of the samples did not exceed that threshold. However, the averages of the four input yes were above 200 ppb.
Many researchers agree that it is difficult to establish a critical level of zearalenone in food for cattle, although all agree that at low concentrations this mycotoxin cause infertility problems (repetition of services, nymphomania e hyperestrogenism in gestating cows) while at high levels it causes abortion.
Also, various researchers agree that the presence of other mycotoxins exacerbates the symptoms induced by the presence of zearalenone due to synergistic effects (in particular with the presence of deoxynivalenol). Therefore, a number of studies have concluded that the critical threshold for the presence of symptoms caused by zearalenone in the food of dairy cattle is 200 ppb in the presence of other mycotoxins (as was the case in the present study) and 250 ppb if there are no other mycotoxins present (which rarely happens in the field).
Adding Celtic-Z to food
The production of mycotoxins is inevitable, but its effects on animal health are not. That is why it is essential to the addition of a detoxifying of mycotoxins of the third generation of broad spectrum, effective versus high concentrations of mycotoxins and especially of zearalenone, T-2 toxin, and deoxynivalenol (which generally concur because they are produced by the same species of mold).
That is why it does not exist in the market another resource as Celtic® Zeta, which has been defined as a bio-organic product with principles probiotics and prebiotics, calibrated with a specific enzymatic package of aluminosilicates vehicle basis, combined with a hasty portion to increase the contact surface and adsorption. The mode of action of Celtic® ZETA is based on the mechanisms of efficiency of the clays or bentonites traditional and particle size achieved through precipitate in the “abduction” of mycotoxins that are absorbed by their polarity; adding a bio-organic component, with receivers and specific enzymes for mycotoxins such as zearalenone and mycotoxins related (including Aflatoxins) that turn off their harmful effects on animal health. This process of detoxification is given in addition without causing the adsorption of vitamins or minerals, the concern of some farmers and their advisors. On the contrary, with the addition of Celtic® Zeta can prevent the immunosuppression caused by mycotoxins and can help to prevent and control diseases caused by these substances.
The effectiveness and benefits of using Celtic® Zeta compared to high concentrations of zearalenone have been tested in vitro and in vivo during the past few years, and with frequent field trials performed in the main milk basins of Mexico. Therefore, in Celtic Holland Division Mexico S.A. de C.V. was decided to make a field test on a large scale where during two years (2012 and 2013) monitored the occurrence of abortions in two large stables the Comarca Lagunera region and also collected the historical values of abortions in these two stables during the previous year (2011).
The study provided Celtic® ZETA at the rate of 20 grams per day to all pregnant animals of each of the two stables. In the graphs are displayed the results per month. It is clear that the addition of Celtic® Zeta significantly reduced the incidence of abortions during the two years of the supplementation, from that began to provide the food.
Figure 1. Abortions in a large dairy farm of the Comarca Lagunera region since January of 2011 to December of 2013, where you addition Celtic Zeta from 2012, providing a dose of 20 g/cow/day to all pregnant animals on the holding.
The addition of Celtic® ZETA is an indispensable tool for milk producers who manage herds cattle exposed to high concentrations of mycotoxins in their food ingredients. According to Albert de Vries specialist from the University of Florida (Memories of EXPO 2014 milk, page 167), each abortion to half of the pregnancy has a cost of $600 for the producer.
The data presented in the present study are irrefutable proof that the cost – benefits food supplement of dairy cattle with Celtic® Zeta is simply incalculable.
Figure 2. Abortions in a large dairy farm of the Comarca Lagunera region since January of 2011 to December of 2013, where you addition Celtic Zeta from 2012, providing a dose of 20 g/cow/day to all pregnant animals on the holding.